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New Rules from TNTTA asper letter Dated 02.06.2008

GLUE: Speed Glue containg (Volatile Organic Solvent) is banned by ITTF for all the Juniors, Sub-Juniors and Cadet Players from January 2008. To follow all our Domestic Circuit Tournaments.

 

 

THE LAWS OF TABLE TENNIS

 

2.1 THE TABLE

 

2.1.1   The upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, shall be

rectangular, 2.74m long and 1.525m wide, and shall lie in a horizontal plane

76cm above the floor.

2.1.2   The playing surface shall not include the vertical sides of the tabletop.

2.1.3   The playing surface may be of any material and shall yield a uniform bounce

of about 23cm when a standard ball is dropped on to it from a height of 30cm.

2.1.4   The playing surface shall be uniformly dark coloured and matt, but with a

white side line, 2cm wide, along each 2.74m edge and a white end line, 2cm

wide, along each 1.525m edge.

2.1.5   The playing surface shall be divided into 2 equal courts by a vertical net

running parallel with the end lines, and shall be continuous over the whole

area of each court.

2.1.6   For doubles, each court shall be divided into 2 equal half-courts by a white

centre line, 3mm wide, running parallel with the side lines; the centre line shall

be regarded as part of each right half-court.

 

2.2 THE NET ASSEMBLY

 

2.2.1   The net assembly shall consist of the net, its suspension and the supporting

posts, including the clamps attaching them to the table.

2.2.2   The net shall be suspended by a cord attached at each end to an upright post

15.25cm high, the outside limits of the post being 15.25cm outside the side

Line.

2.2.3   The top of the net, along its whole length, shall be 15.25cm above the playing

surface.

2.2.4   The bottom of the net, along its whole length, shall be as close as possible to

the playing surface and the ends of the net shall be as close as possible to

the supporting posts.

 

2.3 THE BALL

 

2.3.1   The ball shall be spherical, with a diameter of 40mm.

2.3.2   The ball shall weigh 2.7g.

2.3.3   The ball shall be made of celluloid or similar plastics material and shall be

white or orange, and matt.

 

2.4       THE RACKET

 

2.4.1   The racket may be of any size, shape or weight but the blade shall be flat and

rigid.

2.4.2   At least 85% of the blade by thickness shall be of natural wood; an adhesive

layer within the blade may be reinforced with fibrous material such as carbon

fibre, glass fibre or compressed paper, but shall not be thicker than 7.5% of

the total thickness or 0.35mm, whichever is the smaller.

2.4.3   A side of the blade used for striking the ball shall be covered with either

ordinary pimpled rubber, with pimples outwards having a total thickness

including adhesive of not more than 2mm, or sandwich rubber, with pimples

inwards or outwards, having a total thickness including adhesive of not more

than 4mm.

2.4.3.1   Ordinary pimpled rubber is a single layer of non-cellular rubber, natural or

synthetic, with pimples evenly distributed over its surface at a density of not

less than 10 per cm2 and not more than 30 per cm2.

2.4.3.2   Sandwich rubber is a single layer of cellular rubber covered with a single outer layer of ordinary pimpled rubber, the thickness of the pimpled rubber not

being more than 2mm.

2.4.4   The covering material shall extend up to but not beyond the limits of the

blade, except that the part nearest the handle and gripped by the fingers may

be left uncovered or covered with any material.

2.4.5   The blade, any layer within the blade and any layer of covering material or

adhesive on a side used for striking the ball shall be continuous and of even

thickness.

2.4.6   The surface of the covering material on a side of the blade, or of a side of the

blade if it is left uncovered, shall be matt, bright red on one side and black on

the other.

2.4.7   Slight deviations from continuity of surface or uniformity of colour due to

accidental damage or wear may be allowed provided that they do not

significantly change the characteristics of the surface.

2.4.8   At the start of a match and whenever he changes his racket during a match a

player shall show his opponent and the umpire the racket he is about to use

and shall allow them to examine it.

 

2.5       DEFINITIONS

 

2.5.1   A rally is the period during which the ball is in play.

2.5.2   The ball is in play from the last moment at which it is stationary on the palm of

the free hand before being intentionally projected in service until the rally is

decided as a let or a point.

2.5.3   A let is a rally of which the result is not scored.

2.5.4   A point is a rally of which the result is scored.

2.5.5   The racket hand is the hand carrying the racket.

2.5.6   The free hand is the hand not carrying the racket; the free arm is the arm of

the free hand.

2.5.7   A player strikes the ball if he touches it in play with his racket, held in the

hand, or with his racket hand below the wrist.

2.5.8   A player obstructs the ball if he, or anything he wears or carries, touches it in

play when it is above or travelling towards the playing surface, not having

touched his court since last being struck by his opponent.

2.5.9   The server is the player due to strike the ball first in a rally.

2.5.10 The receiver is the player due to strike the ball second in a rally.

2.5.11 The umpire is the person appointed to control a match.

2.5.12 The assistant umpire is the person appointed to assist the umpire with certain

decisions.

2.5.13 Anything that a player wears or carries includes anything that he was wearing

or carrying, other than the ball, at the start of the rally.

2.5.14 The ball shall be regarded as passing over or around the net assembly if it

passes anywhere other than between the net and the net post or between the

net and the playing surface.

2.5.15 The end line shall be regarded as extending indefinitely in both directions.

 

2.6       THE SERVICE

 

2.6.1   Service shall start with the ball resting freely on the open palm of the server's

stationary free hand.

2.6.2   The server shall then project the ball near vertically upwards, without

imparting spin, so that it rises at least 16cm after leaving the palm of the free

hand and then falls without touching anything before being struck.

2.6.3   As the ball is falling the server shall strike it so that it touches first his court

and then, after passing over or around the net assembly, touches directly the

receiver's court; in doubles, the ball shall touch successively the right half

court of server and receiver.

2.6.4   From the start of service until it is struck, the ball shall be above the level of

the playing surface and behind the server's end line, and it shall not be hidden from the receiver by the server or his doubles partner or by anything they wear or carry.

2.6.5   As soon as the ball has been projected, the server’s free arm shall be

removed from the space between the ball and the net.

(The space between the ball and the net is defined by the ball, the net and its indefinite

upward extension.)

2.6.6   It is the responsibility of the player to serve so that the umpire or the assistant

umpire can see that he complies with the requirements for a correct service.

2.6.6.1            If the umpire is doubtful of the legality of a service he may, on the first

occasion in a match, declare a let and warn the server.

2.6.6.2            Any subsequent service of doubtful legality of that player or his doubles

partner will result in a point to the receiver.

2.6.6.3            Whenever there is a clear failure to comply with the requirements for a correct

service, no warning shall be given and the receiver shall score a point.

2.6.7   Exceptionally, the umpire may relax the requirements for a correct service

where he is satisfied that compliance is prevented by physical disability.

 

2.7       THE RETURN

 

2.7.1   The ball, having been served or returned, shall be struck so that it passes

over or around the net assembly and touches the opponent's court, either

directly or after touching the net assembly.

 

2.8       THE ORDER OF PLAY

 

2.8.1   In singles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make a

return and thereafter server and receiver alternately shall each make a return.

2.8.2   In doubles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make

a return, the partner of the server shall then make a return, the partner of the

receiver shall then make a return and thereafter each player in turn in that

sequence shall make a return.

2.8.3   When two players who are in wheelchairs due to a physical disability are a

pair playing doubles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall

then make a return but thereafter either player of the disabled pair may make

returns. However, no part of a player’s wheelchair shall protrude beyond the

imaginary extension of the centre line of the table. If it does, the umpire shall

award the point to the opposing pair.

 

2.9 A LET

 

2.9.1   The rally shall be a let

2.9.1.1            if in service the ball, in passing over or around the net assembly, touches

it, provided the service is otherwise good or the ball is obstructed by the

receiver or his partner;

2.9.1.2            if the service is delivered when the receiving player or pair is not ready,

provided that neither the receiver nor his partner attempts to strike the ball;

2.9.1.3            if failure to make a service or a return or otherwise to comply with the

Laws is due to a disturbance outside the control of the player;

2.9.1.4 if play is interrupted by the umpire or assistant umpire;

2.9.1.5 if the receiver is in wheelchair due to a physical disability and in service

the ball, provided that the service is otherwise correct,

2.9.1.5.1 leaves the receiver’s half after touching it in the direction of the net;

2.9.1.5.2 comes to rest on the receiver's half;

2.9.1.5.3 in singles leaves the receiver’s half after touching it by either of its

sidelines.

2.9.2   Play may be interrupted

2.9.2.1 to correct an error in the order of serving, receiving or ends;

2.9.2.2 to introduce the expedite system;

2.9.2.3 to warn or penalise a player or adviser;

2.9.2.4 because the conditions of play are disturbed in a way which could affect

the outcome of the rally.

 

2.10    A POINT

 

2.10.1 Unless the rally is a let, a player shall score a point

2.10.1.1 if his opponent fails to make a correct service;

2.10.1.2 if his opponent fails to make a correct return;

2.10.1.3 if, after he has made a service or a return, the ball touches anything other

   than the net assembly before being struck by his opponent;

2.10.1.4 if the ball passes over his court or beyond his end line without touching his

   court, after being struck by his opponent;

2.10.1.5 if his opponent obstructs the ball;

2.10.1.6 if his opponent strikes the ball twice successively;

2.10.1.7 if his opponent strikes the ball with a side of the racket blade whose

   surface does not comply with the requirements of 2.4.3, 2.4.4 and 2.4.5;

2.10.1.8 if his opponent, or anything his opponent wears or carries, moves the

   playing surface;

2.10.1.9 if his opponent, or anything his opponent wears or carries, touches the net

   assembly;

2.10.1.10 if his opponent's free hand touches the playing surface;

2.10.1.11 if a doubles opponent strikes the ball out of the sequence established by

     the first server and first receiver;

2.10.1.12 as provided under the expedite system (2.15.2).

 

2.11    A GAME

 

2.11.   A game shall be won by the player or pair first scoring 11 points unless both

players or pairs score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first

player or pair subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points.

 

2.12    A MATCH

 

2.12.1             A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games.

 

2.13    THE ORDER OF SERVING, RECEIVING AND ENDS

 

2.13.1The right to choose the initial order of serving, receiving and ends shall be

decided by lot and the winner may choose to serve or to receive first or to

start at a particular end.

2.13.2 When one player or pair has chosen to serve or to receive first or to start at a

particular end, the other player or pair shall have the other choice.

2.13.3 After each 2 points have been scored the receiving player or pair shall

become the serving player or pair and so on until the end of the game, unless

both players or pairs score 10 points or the expedite system is in operation,

when the sequences of serving and receiving shall be the same but each

player shall serve for only 1 point in turn.

2.13.4  In each game of a doubles match, the pair having the right to serve first shall

choose which of them will do so and in the first game of a match the receiving

pair shall decide which of them will receive first; in subsequent games of the

match, the first server having been chosen, the first receiver shall be the

player who served to him in the preceding game.

2.13.5 In doubles, at each change of service the previous receiver shall become the

server and the partner of the previous server shall become the receiver.

2.13.6 The player or pair serving first in a game shall receive first in the next game of

the match and in the last possible game of a doubles match the pair due to

receive next shall change their order of receiving when first one pair scores 5

points.

2.13.7       The player or pair starting at one end in a game shall start at the other end in

the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a match the

players or pairs shall change ends when first one player or pair scores 5

points.

 

2.14    OUT OF ORDER OF SERVING, RECEIVING OR ENDS

 

2.14.1 If a player serves or receives out of turn, play shall be interrupted by the

umpire as soon as the error is discovered and shall resume with those players serving and receiving who should be server and receiver respectively at the score that has been reached, according to the sequence established at the beginning of the match and, in doubles, to the order of serving chosen by the pair having the right to serve first in the game during which the error is

discovered

2.14.2    If the players have not changed ends when they should have done so, play

shall be interrupted by the umpire as soon as the error is discovered and shall

resume with the players at the ends at which they should be at the score that

has been reached, according to the sequence established at the beginning of

the match.

2.14.3 In any circumstances, all points scored before the discovery of an error shall

be reckoned.

 

2.15 THE EXPEDITE SYSTEM

 

2.15.1   Except where both players or pairs have scored at least 9 points, the expedite

system shall come into operation if a game is unfinished after 10 minutes’ play or at any earlier time at the request of both players or pairs.

2.15.1.1 If the ball is in play when the time limit is reached, play shall be interrupted

               by the umpire and shall resume with service by the player who served in the

            rally that was interrupted.

2.15.1.2 If the ball is not in play when the time limit is reached, play shall resume

               with service by the player who received in the immediately preceding rally.

2.15.2    Thereafter, each player shall serve for 1 point in turn until the end of the

Game and if the receiving player or pair makes 13 returns the receiver shall score a point.

2.15.3    Once introduced, the expedite system shall remain in operation until the end

 of the match.

 

 

 

 

The New Service Rule

As of 1 September 2002

Explanation and intent of the new rule

The intent of the new service rule is to make the rule itself clear and easy to interpret. The new rule is designed to make the Service in table tennis an “OPEN” technique which is fully visible to the receiver at all times.

A detailed instructional and explanatory package will distributed by the ITTF’s Umpires & Referees Committee to all International Umpires in order to guarantee consistent application of the rule and respect of the spirit of the rule.

In the meantime, the ITTF is distributing an explanatory package to the National Associations in which the new service rule is demonstrated in written and visual form.

In order for the server to ensure that he/she complies with the new service rule, here are a few pointers to help achieve this objective:

  1. As soon as the free hand (the hand holding the ball in service) and arm has projected the ball upwards, the free hand/arm must be immediately removed to the side. In other words, the free arm must not remain in any area between the ball and the receiver- it has to be out of the line of sight of the receiver and the ball as demonstrated in the attached Power-point presentation, video streams and photos.
  2. If the server could imagine a triangular space created by the ball and both net posts, then extends this space upwards to head level, the server must then ensure that no part of his body or clothing enters this space (or remains in this space) after he projects the ball upwards in service. This will ensure that the space between the ball and the receiver remains clear of any obstructions. This is a simple way to ensure that the service meets the legal requirements.
  3. A slight modification from current services is required. Players must learn, in forehand services, to swing their free arm out of the way as fast as possible to create a legal, open and visible service.

The Rule

2.6 A GOOD SERVICE


2.6.1 Service shall start with the ball resting freely on the open palm of the server's stationary free hand.

2.6.2 The server shall then project the ball near vertically upwards, without imparting spin, so that it rises at least 16cm after leaving the palm of the free hand and then falls without touching anything before being struck.

2.6.3 As the ball is falling the server shall strike it so that it touches first his court and then, after passing over or around the net assembly, touches directly the receiver's court; in doubles, the ball shall touch successively the right half court of server and receiver.

2.6.4 From the start of service until it is struck, the ball shall be above the level of the playing surface and behind the server's end line, and it shall not be hidden from the receiver by any part of the body or clothing of the server or his doubles partner.

(The purpose of this rule is to make the ball visible to the receiver at all times during service. The serving player or pair must not take any action which would prevent the receiver from seeing the ball from the time at which it leaves the server’s hand and seeing the side of the racket used to strike the ball).

2.6.5 It is the responsibility of the player to serve so that the umpire or the assistant umpire can see that he complies with the requirements for a good service.

2.6.5.1 If there is no Assistant Umpire, and the umpire is doubtful of the legality of a service he may, on the first occasion in a match, warn the server without awarding a point.

2.6.5.2 If subsequently in the match a service by that player or his doubles partner is of dubious legality, for the same reason or for any other reason, the receiver shall score a point.

2.6.5.3 Whenever there is a clear failure to comply with the requirements for a good service, no warning shall be given and the receiver shall score a point.

2.6.6. Exceptionally, the umpire may relax the requirements for a good service where he is satisfied that compliance is prevented by physical disability.

Table Tennis Rules

New Rules for 2001

The amended versions of the laws and regulations affected by the AGM decision to adopt the 11 point scoring system are shown below, with the changes underlined. These laws and regulations came into effect on 1 September 2001.


2.11 A Game
2.11.1 A game shall be won by the player or pair first scoring 11 points unless both players or pairs score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player or pair subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points.

2.12 A Match
2.12.1 A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games.

2.13 The Order of Serving, Receiving and Ends
2.13.3 After each 2 points have been scored the receiving player or pair shall become the serving player or pair and so on until the end of the game, unless both players or pairs score 10 points or the expedite system is in operation, when the sequence of serving and receiving shall be the same but each player shall serve for only 1 point in turn.
2.13.6 The player or pair serving first in a game shall receive first in the next game of the match, and in the last possible game of a doubles match the pair due to receive next shall change their order of receiving when first one pair scores 5 points.
2.13.7 The player or pair starting at one end in a game shall start at the other end in the next game of the match and in the last possible game of a match the players or pairs shall change ends when first one player or pair scores 5 points.

2.15 The Expedite System
2.15.1 Except where both players or pairs have scored at least 9 points, the expedite system shall come into operation if a game is unfinished after 10 minutes' play or at any earlier time at the request of both players or pairs.
2.15.3 If the expedite system is introduced, or if a game lasts longer than 10 minutes, all subsequent games of the match shall be played under the expedite system.

3.4.4 Intervals
3.4.4.1 Play shall be continuous throughout a match except that any player is entitled to
3.4.4.1.1 an interval of up to 1 minute between successive games of a match;
3.4.4.1.2 brief intervals for towelling after every 6 points from the start of each game and at the change of ends in the last possible game of a match.

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